Exposures & Registries

Servicemembers and veterans from all conflicts and wars may have experienced an exposure to a wide range of chemical, physical, and environmental hazards during their military service. From the trenches of WW1 with mustard gas to today’s Operation Enduring Freedom and burn pits, the Veterans Administration has several registries for military-related exposures and resources for more information on particular injuries and diseases that may be caused by these exposures.

Exposure Categories

  • Chemicals:
    • Agent Orange
    • Burn pits
    • Sulfur Fires
    • Contaminated Water Supplies (Camp Lejune & other bases)
    • Industrial Solvents
    • Pesticides (Gulf War)
    • Depleted Uranium
    • Chromium
    • Polychlorinated biphenyl or PCBs
    • Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) found in products, including fire-fighting foams
  • Radiation
    • Non-ionizing radiation
      • sunlight, microwaves, radio frequencies, radar and sonar
    • Ionizing radiation
      • Nuclear weapons handling and detonation
      • Radioactive material
      • Calibration and measurement sources
      • X-rays
  • Air Pollutants
    • Burn pits
    • Oil well fire
    • Sulfur Fire
    • Sand and dust particulates
    • Atsugi Waste Incinerator
  • Warfare Agents
    • Chemical & Biological Weapons (Gulf War)
    • Chemical Warfare Agents (OIF, Sarin Gas)
    • Nerve Agent
    • Mustard Gas
    • Classified Aberdeen & Edgewood Experiments
    • Project 112 and Project SHAD
    • Herbicide Tests and Storage
  • Occupational Hazards
    • Asbestos
    • Industrial Solvents
    • Lead
    • Radiation (i.e Dental and Nuclear Weapons technicians)
    • Fuels
    • PCBs
    • Vibration
    • Noise
    • CARC Paint

Service Related Cancers by Exposure Type:

  • Agent Orange Related Cancers:
    • Chronic B-Cell Leukemias
    • Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
    • Multiple Myleoma
    • Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
    • Prostate cancer
    • Respiratory cancers
    • Soft Tissue Sarcomas
  • Radiation Related Cancers:
    • Cancers of the bile ducts, bone, brain, breast, colon, esophagus, gall bladder, liver (primary site, but not if cirrhosis or hepatitis B is indicated), lung (including bronchiolo-alveolar cancer), pancreas, pharynx, ovary, salivary gland, small intestine, stomach, thyroid, urinary tract (kidney/renal, pelvis, urinary bladder, and urethra)
    • Leukemia (except chronic lymphocytic leukemia)
    • Lymphomas (except Hodgkin’s disease)
    • Multiple myeloma (cancer of plasma cells)

 

To enroll in the Airborne Hazards & Open Burn Pit Registry, follow the link below:
Airborne Hazards & Open Burn Pit Registry

Gulf War Veterans, find more information about signing up for your Gulf War Registry by clicking the link below:
Gulf War Registry Information

Is the AHOBP registry for me?
OEF/OIF/OND/OFS Veterans and Servicemembers who have deployed to the Southwest Asia theater of operations on or after August 2, 1990 as well as those who have deployed to Afghanistan or Djibouti after September 11, 2001 can use the registry questionnaire to report exposures to airborne hazards (such as smoke from burn pits, oil-well fires, or pollution during deployment), as well as other exposures and health concerns.

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Toxic Embedded Fragment Surveillance Center

Baltimore, Maryland VAMC

VA’s Toxic Embedded Fragment Surveillance Center at the Baltimore VA Medical Center offers medical surveillance for Veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND) with embedded fragments as the result of injury received while serving in an area of conflict.

To find more information about getting an exam to get on the TEF Registry, click the link below:
Information on Toxic Embedded Fragment Registry

man standing on stage
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Depleted Uranium Follow Up Program
Baltimore, Maryland VAMC

When a projectile made with DU penetrates a vehicle, small pieces of DU can scatter and become embedded in muscle and soft tissue. In addition to DU in wounds, Servicemembers exposed to DU in struck vehicles may inhale or swallow small airborne DU particles.

Some Gulf War, Bosnia, Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND) Veterans who may have been exposed to DU are those who were: on, in or near vehicles hit with friendly fire; entering or near burning vehicles; near fires involving DU munitions; or salvaging damaged vehicles.

For more information on enrolling in the DUFP, click the link below:
Depleted Uranium Follow-up Program

aircraft
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Research & Studies on Military Exposures
VA conducts or sponsors epidemiology research studies on Veterans’ illnesses related to military exposures. For more information on what studies are currently out there by conflict, click the link below:
https://www.publichealth.va.gov/exposures/research-studies.asp

 

All this information can be found at the VA Hub for Military Exposures below:
Military Exposures Hub for Information